A comprehensive literature review has been published by the UK Council for Child Internet Safety. The review focused on trends and emerging issues, and the online risk of harm to children and implications for safety policy and practice. The key findings included:
- Age is the key factor that differentiates among children’s online experiences, with gender
- One in ten children to one in five young teens say they encountered something worrying or
nasty online in the past year.
- Children’s top worries are pornography and violence; they say they encounter these most
often on video-sharing sites, followed by other websites, then social networking sites and
- Children are also concerned about the levels of advertising online, their spending too much
time online, inappropriate contacts, rumours and nastiness.
- Top parent concerns include online violence.
- There has been little increase or decrease in online risk in recent years, although there are
some indications of a rise in hate and self-harm content.
- It is not possible to determine whether the internet has increased the overall amount of risk
children face as they grow up, or whether the internet instead provides a new location for
risk experiences, but the nature of the internet itself surely alters and amplifies the
The full review is available here